Viện Công Nghiệp Thực Phẩm

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,International Forum on Gasohol, Pricing Structure and Bioethanol Policy

23/04/2019 - 10:23

 

        Following implementation plan  of Bioethanol Project phase 2, the Conference on Ethanol Production from Cassava on October, 2018 and the Training Course on Policy and Pricing Structure of Gasohol and Bioethanol Pricing Experiences from USA, Brazil and Thailand on November, 2018, the Food Industries Research Institute and the Ministry of Industry and Trade organized an International Forum on Gasohol, Pricing Structure and Bioethanol Policy on 25 February, 2019 in Hanoi. Participating the Forum were experts from many organizations in the world, including those from Germany, Brazil, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos. On its part, Vietnam has representative management agencies such as Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Finance as well as other organizations, including Vietnam Cassava Association, universities in Hanoi, Vietnam’s ethanol-producing enterprises, Petro Vietnam, UNIDO Vietnam, VTC14 reporter and etc.

 

Assoc. Prof. Le Duc Manh- Director of FIRI and Director of the Project in Vietnam delivered welcome speech

 

          Assoc. Prof. Le Duc Manh- Director of FIRI and Director of the Project in Vietnam delivered welcome speech at the Forum. He said: “Climate change and fluctuations in global gasoline prices made countries in the world moving to renewable energy. In Vietnam, since January 1st, 2018, gasoline RON 92 has been replaced by bio fuel E5 RON 92. This was a positive signal for bioethanol-producing enterprises. However, there still exist many difficulties in production technologies and a lack of supporting policies. The project “Overcoming Policy, Market and Technological Barriers to Support Technological Innovation and South- South Technology Transfer: the Pilot Cases of Ethanol Production from Cassava” is aimed to transfer high gravity saccharification and fermentation technology from Thailand to Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar … and to share Thai experiences in this field in order to help these countries to develop bioethanol production. To implement this Project, Food Industries Research Institute established a 50 lpd pilot plant of ethanol production from cassava that received good assessment from KMUTT & UNIDO experts. FIRI also organized 3 training courses on analytical technologies & bioethanol production technology from cassava, 1 training course on policy and pricing structure of gasohol and 1 conference on ethanol production from cassava. In this Forum, experts from Germany, Brazil, Thailand and Vietnam will introduce gasohol, pricing structure in order to promote ethanol production and consumption in Vietnam. The conference will contribute  a voice to state  policy - making process regarding bringing bioethanol to reality”.

 

Prof. Christoph Menke, University of Applied Sciences Trier, Germany made presentation on

the Policy and Pricing Structure of Gasohol and Bioethanol in Europe

 

        Prof. Christoph Menke, University of Applied Sciences Trier, Germany made presentation on the Policy and Pricing Structure of Gasohol and Bioethanol in Europe. Dr. Antonio Bonomi, Sustainability Division Coordinator, Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory delivered the speech on “Gasohol and Bioethanol Production and Use in Brazil”. Assoc. Prof. Veara Loha and Dr. Athikom Bangviwat- King Mongkut’s University of Technology, Thailand exchanged ideas on “Raw Material Potentials for Ethanol Production in Thailand” and “Ethanol Production and Gasohol Price in Thailand”. MSc. Nghiem Thi Ngoan, Vietnam Petroleum Institute had presentation on “Policy and Pricing Structure of Gasohol and Bioethanol in Vietnam”.

 

Dr. Antonio Bonomi, Sustainability Division Coordinator, Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory delivered

the speech on “Gasohol and Bioethanol Production and Use in Brazil”.

 

        Bioethanol production in Brazil and America achieved outstanding successes. With abundant raw materials (corn in America and sugar cane in Brazil), huge farmland area and advanced technology, bioethanol has been produced in these countries with competitive prices. In Brazil, bioethanol is also produced in large scale and widely used to make gasohol. Total volume of bioethanol increased during 2002- 2018 and reached more than 10 billion litter of anhydrous ethanol in the year 2018/2019. Brazil has also been increasing the volume of biodiesel. Biodiesel production increased steadily during 2007 to 2017, reaching 5.3 billion liters in 2018. Research on bioethanol production technology develops strongly and gains admirable achievements. Brazil has developed successfully the 2nd generation bioethanol production with raw materials of lignocellulosic biomass. As planned, 2nd generation production cost will reduce to lower than the 1st one in the future. Bioethanol & biodiesel production in Brazil is a highlight in global bio fuels production. Europe as well as Germany produce biodiesel mainly from rapeseeds. With limited agricultural land & sharing raw material of rapeseeds with food & feed industries, biodiesel production in Europe with very high production cost can not compete with other fuels. Therefore, EU biofuel amount remains at 5.75% of EU fuel supply. EU seems turning to other renewable energies such as producing electricity from solar and wind energies. Fuel ethanol is produced from cassava in Thailand with bioethanol production cost much higher than that of gasoline. Thai government has implemented many synchronous supporting policies such as providing subsidy for cassava- planting farmers, price subsidies on E20 and E85, as well as making investment in research on bioethanol production technology and cassava productivity and developing communication programs of E20, E85. As a result, E10 stations widely spread in Thailand, the number of E20 & E85 stations increased rapidly in recent years. In 2018, ethanol consumption is forecasted to increase to 1.5 billion liter. In Vietnam, since January 1st, 2018, biofuel E5 RON 92 has replaced gasoline RON 92. This is a positive signal for bioethanol-producing enterprises. However, these enterprises is still facing many difficulties due to high production cost, lack of raw materials – cassava with unstable quality, high cost of water & solid waste treatment… These enterprises are in dire need of supporting policies from Vietnamese government.

 

Dr. Athikom Bangviwat- King Mongkut’s University of Technology, Thailand exchanged ideas on

“Ethanol Production and Gasohol Price in Thailand”

 

         The Forum was covered by VTC 14. Experts from Germany, Brazil, Thailand and UNIDO Vietnam representatives answered the interview conducted by Channel VTC 14.  

 

forum participants (Photographs by Dinh Duc Hien)

 

         Link to the Interview Video conducted by VTC14

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cCsCwK159Y&fbclid=IwAR2GpJhz07Uc1nZUuWjd6ju4fw71Q8CCzxEghrOGS0Vz-UugCHMkUkkjoP4  

 

                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                    By Khuat Thi Thuy

 

 

 

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